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Managing Providers

ManageIQ can manage a variety of external environments, known as providers and managers. A provider or manager is any system that ManageIQ integrates with for the purpose of collecting data and performing operations.

In ManageIQ, a provider is an external virtualization, cloud, or containers environment that manages multiple virtual machines or instances residing on multiple hosts. One example is Red Hat Virtualization, a platform that manages multiple hosts and virtual machines.

In ManageIQ, a manager is an external management environment that manages more than one type of resource. One example of a manager is OpenStack, which manages infrastructure, cloud, network, and storage resources.

This guide covers working with providers and managers in ManageIQ, which include:

  • Infrastructure providers

  • Configuration management providers

  • Automation management providers

  • Cloud providers

  • Physical infrastructure providers

  • Networking management providers

  • Container providers

  • Storage managers

For information on working with the resources contained by a provider or manager, see Managing Infrastructure and Inventory.

Infrastructure Providers

In ManageIQ, an infrastructure provider is a virtual infrastructure environment that you can add to a ManageIQ appliance to manage and interact with the resources in that environment. This chapter describes the different types of infrastructure providers that you can add to ManageIQ, and how to manage them. Infrastructure providers can be either discovered automatically by ManageIQ, or added individually.

The web interface uses virtual thumbnails to represent infrastructure providers. Each thumbnail contains four quadrants by default, which display basic information about each provider:

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  1. Number of hosts

  2. Management system software

  3. Currently unused

  4. Authentication status

Icon Description
2190 Validated: Valid authentication credentials have been added.
2191 Invalid: Authentication credentials are invalid.
2192 Unknown: Authentication status is unknown or no credentials have been entered.

For information on managing specific infrastructure providers see the following.

Refreshing Providers

Refresh a provider to find other resources related to it. Use Refresh after initial discovery to get the latest data about the provider and the virtual machines it can access. Ensure the provider has credentials to do this. If the providers were added using Discovery, add credentials using Edit Selected Infrastructure
Provider (Edit Selected Infrastructure Provider).

  1. Browse to menu: Compute > Infrastructure > Providers.

  2. Select the providers to refresh.

  3. Click Configuration, and then Refresh Relationships and Power States (Refresh Relationships and Power States).

  4. Click OK.

Tagging Multiple Providers

Apply tags to all providers to categorize them together at the same time.

  1. Navigate to menu:Infrastructure[Providers].

  2. Check the providers to tag.

  3. Click Policy (Policy), and then Edit
Tags (Edit Tags).

  4. In the Tag Assignment area, select a customer tag to assign from the first list, then select a value to assign from the second list.

    2194

  5. Select more tags as required; click (Save).

Viewing a Provider

From a list of providers, you can review a specific provider by clicking on it. This displays various options to access provider information.

There are two methods of viewing an infrastructure provider’s details: the summary screen (default) and the dashboard screen. Use the summary summary and dashboard dashboard buttons to toggle between views.

Both the summary and dashboard screens contain a taskbar with Reload, Configuration, Policy, Monitoring, and Authentication buttons to manage the selected provider.

Provider Summary Screen.

providers summary screen

The provider summary screen displays information about the provider in table format.

  • Provider accordion: Displays details about the provider’s Properties and Relationships on the sidebar. Click to expand these lists.

  • Provider summary: Displays a provider’s Properties, Status, Relationships, and Smart Management. Click on an item in the Relationships table to see more information about that entity.

Provider Dashboard Screen.

providers summary dashboard

From the dashboard, you can view:

  • Number of clusters, hosts, virtual machines, templates, datastores, resource pools, and other entities on the provider. Click on an entity to see more information about that item.

  • Aggregate utilization for CPU, memory, and storage

  • Network I/O statistics

  • Trends for hosts and virtual machines discovered

To view the dashboard:

  1. Browse to menu: Compute > Infrastructure > Providers.

  2. Click the infrastructure provider to view.

  3. To access the dashboard view, click dashboard (Dashboard view).

To return to the summary view, click summary (Summary view).

Removing a Provider

If a provider has been decommissioned or requires some troubleshooting, it might require deletion from the VMDB.

Deleting a provider removes the account information from ManageIQ console. You will no longer be able to view any associated history including chargeback reports generated for the deleted provider. Additionally, if ManageIQ is the database of record, deleting providers would become a major problem for the other systems relying on it for accurate and consistent billing information. Review all the dependencies carefully before deleting a provider.

  1. Navigate to menu:Compute[Infrastructure > Providers].

  2. Select the check box for the provider to delete.

  3. Click Configuration (Configuration), then Remove Infrastructure Providers from the VMDB (Remove Infrastructure Providers from the VMDB).

  4. Click (OK).

Viewing the Provider Timeline

View the timeline of events for the virtual machines registered to a provider.

  1. Navigate to menu:Compute[Infrastructure > Providers].

  2. Click a provider.

  3. Click Monitoring (Monitoring), and then Timelines (Timelines)from the taskbar, or from the provider accordion, click menu:Properties[Timeline].

  4. From Options, customize the period of time to display and the types of events to see.

    provider timeline

    • Use Show to select regular Management Events or Policy Events.

    • Use the Interval dropdown to select hourly or daily data points.

    • Use Date to type the date for the timeline to display.

    • If you select to view a daily timeline, use Show to set how many days back to go. The maximum history is 31 days.

    • The three Event Groups lists allow you to select different groups of events to display. Each has its own color.

    • From the Level list, select a Summary event, or a Detail list of events. For example, the detail level of a Power On event might include the power on request, the starting event, and the actual Power On event. If you select Summary, only the Power On event displays in the timeline.

Viewing Hosts and Clusters

Access a tree view of the hosts and clusters for a provider from the Provider Summary.

  1. Navigate to menu:Compute[Infrastructure > Providers].

  2. Click the provider to view the hosts and clusters.

  3. Click on the Relationships accordion, then click Hosts & Clusters.

hostsandclusters

Viewing Virtual Machines and Templates

Access a tree view of the virtual machines and templates for a provider from the Provider Summary.

  1. Navigate to menu:Compute[Infrastructure > Providers].

  2. Click the provider to view the virtual machines and templates.

  3. From accordion menu, click Relationships, then click VMs & Templates.

Configuration Management Providers

In ManageIQ, a configuration management provider is a systems management product that you can add to a ManageIQ appliance to manage the lifecycle of your resources. Configuration management providers are useful for uniformly applying changes and updates across providers, and for recording and reporting status and change activity. They can also help eliminate the confusion and error brought about by the existence of different providers.

This chapter describes the different types of configuration management providers available to ManageIQ, and how to manage them. Configuration management providers must be added individually to ManageIQ.

Automation Management Providers

In ManageIQ, an automation management provider is a management tool that integrates with ManageIQ to simplify automation operations for your resources. This chapter describes the automation management providers that you can use with ManageIQ, and how to work with them.

ManageIQ provides automation management features through the following:

Automate enables real-time, bi-directional process integration. This provides you with a method to implement adaptive automation for management events and administrative or operational activities.

Ansible integration delivers out-of-the-box support for backing service, alert and policy actions using Ansible playbooks. Sync your existing playbook repositories with ManageIQ, add credentials to access providers, and create service catalog items for actions ranging from creating and retiring VMs, updating security software, or adding additional disks when space runs low.

Ansible Tower is a management tool integrated with ManageIQ, designed to help automate infrastructure operations utilizing existing Ansible Tower providers in your inventory. ManageIQ allows you to execute Ansible Tower jobs using service catalogs and Automate. Using Ansible Tower, you can schedule Ansible playbook runs and monitor current and historical results, allowing for troubleshooting or identification of issues before they occur.

Ansible

Ansible integrates with ManageIQ to provide automation solutions, using playbooks, for Service, Policy and Alert actions. Ansible playbooks consist of series of plays or tasks that define automation across a set of hosts, known as the inventory.

Ranging from simple to complex tasks, Ansible playbooks can support cloud management:

  • Services - allow a playbook to back a ManageIQ service catalog item.

  • Control Actions - ManageIQ policies can execute playbooks as actions based on events from providers.

  • Control Alerts - set a playbook to launch prompted by a ManageIQ alert.

Ansible is built into ManageIQ so there is nothing to install. The basic workflow when using Ansible in ManageIQ is as follows:

  1. Enable the Embedded Ansible server role.

  2. Add a source control repository that contains your playbooks.

  3. Establish credentials with your inventory.

  4. Back your services, alerts and policies using available playbooks.

Enabling the Embedded Ansible Server Role

In ManageIQ, the Embedded Ansible role is disabled by default. Enable this server role to utilize Ansible Automation Inside.

Note:

Configure your ManageIQ appliance network identity (hostname/IP address) before enabling the Embedded Ansible server role. Restart the evmserverd service on the appliance with the enabled Embedded Ansible server role after making any changes to the hostname or IP address.

  1. Browse to the settings menu, then ConfigurationSettings.

  2. Select the desired server under Zones.

  3. Set the Server Role for Embedded Ansible to On.

Verifying the Embedded Ansible Worker State

Verify that the Embedded Ansible worker has started to utilize its features.

  1. Browse to the settings menu, then ConfigurationDiagnostics and click on the desired server.

  2. Click on the Workers tab.

A table of all workers and current status will appear from which you can confirm the state of your embedded Ansible worker.

Adding a Playbook Repository

Add a repository so that ManageIQ can discover and make available your playbooks.

  1. Browse to menu: Automation > Ansible > Repositories.

  2. Click Add.

  3. Provide a Repository Name in the Name field.

  4. Add a description for the repository in the Description field.

  5. Select an SCM Type from the drop-down menu.

  6. Add a URL or IP Address for the repository.

  7. Select the appropriate SCM Credentials from the drop-down menu.

  8. Provide a branch name in the SCM Branch field.

  9. Check the appropriate box for any SCM Update Options.

  10. Click Add.

Once you have synced a repository, its playbooks will become available to ManageIQ.

Refreshing Repositories

ManageIQ allows you to refresh a targeted playbook repository or all repositories in your inventory to ensure your playbooks are current.

Refresh a targeted repository:

  1. Browse to menu: Automation > Ansible > Repositories.

  2. Click on a repository.

  3. Click Configuration, then Refresh this Repository (Refresh this Repository).

Alternately, you can refresh some or all repositories from the list view:

  1. Browse to menu: Automation > Ansible > Repositories.

  2. Check those repositories to refresh. Click Check All to select all repositories.

  3. Click Configuration, then Refresh Selected Ansible Repositories (Refresh Selected Ansible Repositories).

Credentials

Credentials are utilized by ManageIQ for authentication when running Ansible playbooks against machines, synchronizing with inventory sources, and importing project content from a version control system.

Adding Credentials

ManageIQ can store credentials used by playbooks. Credentials saved in ManageIQ are matched and executed with a playbook when run.

  1. Browse to menu: Automation > Ansible > Credentials.

  2. Click Configuration, then Add a New Credential (Add a New Credential).

  3. Provide a Name for the credential.

  4. Select the Credential Type. Additional fields will appear depending on the type chosen.

  5. Click Add.

Credential Types

Each credential type used by ManageIQ is detailed in the following sections.

Machine

Machine credentials enable ManageIQ to invoke Ansible on hosts under your management. Just like using Ansible on the command line, you can specify the SSH username, optionally provide a password, an SSH key, or a key password. They define SSH and user-level privilege escalation access for playbooks, and are used when running playbooks on a remote host.

  • Username: The username to be used for SSH authentication.

  • Password: The actual password to be used for SSH authentication.

  • SSH Private Key: Copy or drag-and-drop the SSH private key for the machine credential.

  • Private Key Passphrase: If the SSH Private Key used is protected by a password, you can configure a Key Password for the private key.

  • Privilege Escalation: Specifies the type of escalation privilege to assign to specific users. Options include sudo, su, pbrun, pfexec.

  • Privilege Escalation Username: Enter the username to use with escalation privileges on the remote system.

  • Privilege Escalation Password: Enter the actual password to be used to authenticate the user via the selected privilege escalation type on the remote system.

  • Vault Password: Ansible Vault credentials have only the Vault Password attribute that may be configured.

Note:

For more information on Ansible Vault, see Using Vault in playbooks.

Network

Network credentials are used by Ansible networking modules to connect to and manage networking devices.

Network credentials have several attributes that may be configured:

  • Username: The username to use in conjunction with the network device.

  • Password: The password to use in conjunction with the network device.

  • Authorize: Select this from the Options field to add an Authorize password which signs the RSA key with a password.

  • Authorize password: If Authorize is checked, enter a password in the Authorize Password field.

  • SSH Key: Copy or drag-and-drop the actual SSH Private Key to be used to authenticate the user to the network via SSH.

  • Private key passphrase: The actual passphrase for the private key to be used to authenticate the user to the network via SSH.

SCM

SCM (source control) credentials are used with Projects to clone and update local source code repositories from a remote revision control system such as Git, Subversion, or Mercurial.

Source Control credentials have several attributes that may be configured:

  • Username: The username to use in conjunction with the source control system.

  • Password: The password to use in conjunction with the source control system.

  • Private key passphrase: If the SSH private key used is protected by a passphrase, you may configure a key passphrase for the private key.

  • Private Key: Copy or drag-and-drop the actual SSH Private Key to be used to authenticate the user to the source control system via SSH.

Amazon

Selecting this credential type enables synchronization of cloud inventory with Amazon Web Services.

  • Access Key: User credentials that allow for programmatic calls to Amazon Web Services.

  • Secret Key: The secret key that corresponds to the user access key.

  • STS Token: Token generated by Amazon Web Services Security Token Service.

Azure Classic (deprecated)

Selecting this credential type enables synchronization of cloud inventory with Microsoft Windows Azure Classic.

Microsoft Azure credentials have several attributes to configure:

  • Subscription ID: The Subscription UUID for the Microsoft Azure Classic account.

  • Management Certificate: The PEM file that corresponds to the certificate you uploaded in the Microsoft Azure Classic console.

Azure

Selecting this credential type enables synchronization of cloud inventory with Microsoft Azure.

Microsoft Azure credentials have several attributes to configure:

  • Username: The username to use to connect to the Microsoft Azure account.

  • Password: The password to use to connect to the Microsoft Azure account.

  • Subscription ID: The Subscription UUID for the Microsoft Azure account.

  • Tenant ID: The Tenant ID for the Microsoft Azure account.

  • Client Secret: The Client Secret for the Microsoft Azure account.

  • Client ID: The Client ID for the Microsoft Azure account.

OpenStack

Selecting this credential type enables synchronization of cloud inventory with Red Hat OpenStack Platform.

OpenStack credentials have several attributes that may be configured:

  • Username: The username to use to connect to OpenStack.

  • Password (API Key): The password or API key to use to connect to OpenStack.

  • Host (Authentication URL): The host to be used for authentication.

  • Project (Tenant Name): The Tenant name or Tenant ID used for OpenStack. This value is usually the same as the username.

  • Domain name: The FQDN to be used to connect to OpenStack.

Rackspace

Selecting this credential type enables synchronization of cloud inventory with Rackspace.

Rackspace credentials have the following attributes that may be configured:

  • Username: The username to use to connect to vCenter.

  • API Key: The public key related to the administrator ID.

Red Hat Virtualization

Selecting this credential type enables synchronization of cloud inventory with Red Hat Virtualization.

Red Hat Virtualization credentials have several attributes that may be configured:

  • Username: The username to use to connect to Red Hat Virtualization.

  • Password: The password to use to connect to Red Hat Virtualization.

  • Host (Authentication URL): The host to be used for authentication.

    - Enter in **Host** the Red Hat Virtualization provider URL, followed by the path `/ovirt_engine/api`. Example: `https://your.rhv.com/ovirt_engine/api` - See [Ansible Roles](https://access.redhat.com/documentation/en-us/red_hat_virtualization/4.1/html/administration_guide/chap-automating_rhv_configuration_using_ansible#Ansible_Roles) for more information on Ansible Roles available for Red Hat Virtualization.

Satellite 6

Selecting this credential type enables synchronization of cloud inventory with Red Hat Satellite 6.

Satellite credentials have several attributes that may be configured:

  • Username: The username to use to connect to Satellite 6.

  • Password: The password to use to connect to Satellite 6.

  • Satellite 6 Host: The Satellite 6 URL or IP address to connect to.

VMware

Selecting this credential type enables synchronization of inventory with VMware vCenter.

Important:

If both ManageIQ and a VMware provider are located in the same IPv6-only network, use a DNS-resolvable hostname for the VMware provider in the vCenter Host field when adding credentials.

VMware credentials have several attributes that may be configured:

  • Username: The username to use to connect to vCenter.

  • Password: The password to use to connect to vCenter.

  • vCenter Host: The vCenter hostname or IP address to connect to.

Note:

If the VMware guest tools are not running on the instance, VMware inventory sync may not return an IP address for that instance.

Tagging Ansible Playbooks, Repositories, and Credentials

Apply tags to Ansible playbooks, repositories, and credentials to categorize them. Tagging enables administrators to limit users to view those Ansible elements that have been enabled for that set of user permissions.

Adding Tags to Ansible Playbooks

  1. Navigate to menu:Automate[Ansible > Playbooks].

  2. Select the checkboxes for the Ansible playbooks to tag.

  3. Click Policy (Policy), and then Edit
Tags (Edit Tags).

  4. Select a customer tag to assign from the first list.

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  5. Select a value to assign from the second list.

  6. Click Save.

Adding Tags to Ansible Repositories

  1. Navigate to menu:Automate[Ansible > Repositories].

  2. Select the checkboxes for the Ansible repositories to tag.

  3. Click Policy (Policy), and then Edit
Tags (Edit Tags).

  4. Select a customer tag to assign from the first list.

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  5. Select a value to assign from the second list.

  6. Click Save.

Adding Tags to Ansible Credentials

  1. Navigate to menu:Automate[Ansible > credentials].

  2. Select the checkboxes for the Ansible credentials to tag.

  3. Click Policy (Policy), and then Edit
Tags (Edit Tags).

  4. Select a customer tag to assign from the first list.

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  5. Select a value to assign from the second list.

  6. Click Save.

Optimizing Ansible Playbooks for ManageIQ

Ansible is a simple model-driven configuration management, multi-node deployment, and remote-task execution system. When designing playbooks for use with ManageIQ it is helpful to utilize solutions within the playbook itself to ensure optimal implementation of playbook-backed services or automated processes.

This section is intended to complement the existing documentation on Ansible playbooks and guide administrators through optimizing playbooks for use with ManageIQ.

Installing Roles on an Embedded Ansible Appliance

Roles are ways of automatically loading certain variable files, tasks, and handlers based on a known file structure. Grouping content by roles also allows easy sharing of roles with other users. Install roles on a ManageIQ appliance with the Embedded Ansible server role activated to optimize playbooks.

When using this role in a playbook on a ManageIQ appliance, add an empty roles directory at the root of the playbook. In the roles directory, include a requirements.yml file with the following contents:

---
- src: <ansible-galaxy-role>

ManageIQ will automatically install the role once it sees the requirements.yml file in the playbook.

Ansible Service Linking

ManageIQ provides a module allowing inventoried resources such as virtual machines created using Ansible playbooks to link back to the services used to generate them. During service ordering of a playbook the add_provider_vms module will allow the playbook to connect back to the worker appliance and identify the provider resources it was responsible for generating. Once linked, the newly generated resources are available to ManageIQ’s life cycle management features.

Linking VMs back to the service that created it requires implementing the following tasks in the playbook used for provisioning:

  1. Create a resource and register it.

  2. Link the service using the add_provider_vms method to the newly created resource.

Example: Linking a virtual machine to a service

In the following playbook task examples, a virtual machine is deployed to Amazon EC2 and linked back to the service. Examples are provided for linking the resource to its service by both an href slug and as an object.

Note:

  • This example utilizes the `syncrou.manageiq-vmdb` role. This role allows ManageIQ users to modify and/or change VMDB objects using an Ansible playbook. For information on implementing and utilizing roles when writing Ansible playbooks for ManageIQ, see Installing Ansible Roles.

  • For more information on Ansible Galaxy and roles, see the Ansible Galaxy documentation.

  • Note the provider ID in order to successfully link to the service.

  1. Create and register the resource.

    - name: Create Ec2 Instance
      ec2:
        key_name: ""
        instance_tags: {Name: ""}
        group_id: ""
        instance_type: ""
        region: ""
        image: ""
        wait: yes
        count: 1
        vpc_subnet_id: ""
        assign_public_ip: yes
      register: ec2
    
  2. Call the add_provider_vms method as an action to link to the service via an href slug or an object.

    - name: Service Linking via an href slug
      manageiq_vmdb:
        href: "href_slug::services/80"
        action: add_provider_vms
        data:
          uid_ems:
            - ""
          provider:
            id: 24
    
    - name: Service Linking via an object
      manageiq_vmdb:
        vmdb: ""
        action: add_provider_vms
        data:
          uid_ems:
            - ""
          provider:
            id: 24
    

Modifying the Automate Workspace Using the manageiq-automate Role.

The manageiq-automate role allows users of ManageIQ Automate to modify and add to the automate workspace via an Ansible playbook.

Note:

When using this role in a playbook on a ManageIQ appliance with Embedded Ansible activated, add an empty roles directory at the root of the playbook. In the roles directory, include a requirements.yml file with the following contents:

---
- src: syncrou.manageiq-automate

ManageIQ will automatically install the role once it sees the requirements.yml file in the playbook.

Role Variables

The manageiq_automate role employs the following variables when implemented in a playbook run on a ManageIQ appliance. Variables are defined in defaults/main.yml and vars/main.yml.

auto_commit: By default is set to True. If set to False it will not auto commit back to ManageIQ each call to a set_ method in the manageiq_automate module.

manageiq_validate_certs: By default is set to True. If passed in via extra_vars or assigned in the playbook variables then the lookup will allow self-signed certificates to be used when using SSL REST API connection URLs.

Example Playbook

The example below utilizes the manageiq-automate role. Using variable substitution, playbook tasks retrieve method parameters which are then used to modify object attributes. A final task uses the set_retry module to update the retry interval.

- name: Siphon Method Parameters into an object
  hosts: localhost
  connection: local
  vars:
  - auto_commit: True
  - object: root
  - interval: 600

  gather_facts: False
  roles:
  - syncrou.manageiq-automate

  tasks:
    - name: "Get the list of Method Parameters"
      manageiq_automate:
        workspace: ""
        get_method_parameters: yes
      register: method_params

    - name: "Set attributes"
      manageiq_automate:
        workspace: ""
        set_attributes:
          object: ""
          attributes: ""

    - name: Set Retry
      manageiq_automate:
        workspace: ""
        set_retry:
          interval: ""

Callbacks in Multiple Appliance Environments

In a ManageIQ multiple appliance environment, enable the Embedded Ansible server role on a dedicated ManageIQ appliance. Add store_session:sql to Ansible playbooks to ensure successful callbacks to ManageIQ appliances in a multiple appliance environment.

Ansible Tower

Ansible Tower is a management tool integrated with ManageIQ, designed to help automate infrastructure operations. ManageIQ allows you to execute Ansible Tower jobs or workflows using service catalogs and Automate. No custom configuration or Ruby scripting is needed in ManageIQ, as configuration is done in Ansible Tower using playbooks.

You can use the large library of existing Ansible playbooks as ManageIQ state machines to automate tasks such as deployments, backups, package updates, and maintenance in your ManageIQ environment. This can be particularly useful for quickly applying changes across large environments with many virtual machines or instances.

Using Ansible Tower, you can schedule Ansible playbook runs and monitor current and historical results, allowing for troubleshooting or identification of issues before they occur.

ManageIQ supports Ansible Tower API v2 provider integration.

Working with an Ansible Tower Provider

The basic workflow when using ManageIQ with an Ansible Tower provider is as follows:

  1. Create an Ansible playbook which performs a specific task.

  2. A new Ansible Tower job template is created from the playbook (or workflow template created from disparate jobs), which is then retrieved by ManageIQ.

  3. From the Ansible Tower job or workflow template, create a new catalog item in ManageIQ, optionally with a service dialog that allows the user to enter parameters if needed.

  4. The user orders the service from the ManageIQ user interface, and fills out any additional arguments (for example, limiting the task to run on a specific set of virtual machines).

  5. The job or workflow executes.

Note:

Adding an Ansible Tower Provider

To access your Ansible Tower inventory from ManageIQ, you must add Ansible Tower as a provider.

Note:

  • Ensure ENABLE HTTP BASIC AUTH is set to On in the Ansible Tower configuration settings before adding the provider. See Tower Configuration in the Ansible Tower Administration Guide.

  • A trailing slash is not required at the end of the Ansible Tower provider URL. Adding the trailing slash to the provider URL may result in a validation error.

  1. Browse to menu: Automation > Ansible Tower > Explorer and click on the Providers accordion tab.

  2. Under Configuration, click Add a new Provider Add a new Provider.

  3. In the Add a new Provider area:

    Add_Ansible_Provider

    1. Enter a Name for the new provider.

    2. Add a Zone for the provider.

    3. Enter the URL location or IP address to the Ansible Tower server. Add a trailing slash to the end of the Ansible Tower provider URL.

  4. Select the Verify Peer Certificate checkbox if desired.

  5. In the Credentials area, provide the Username and Password, and Confirm Password.

  6. Click Validate to verify credentials.

  7. Click Add.

After adding the Ansible Tower provider, refresh its relationships and power states in order to view the current inventory.

Refreshing an Ansible Tower Provider

Refresh relationships of all items related to an existing Ansible Tower configuration management provider including inventory, hosts, virtual machines, and clusters.

You can refresh inventory from ManageIQ, or by enabling the Update on Launch option for inventory groups in Ansible Tower. The Update on Launch option allows Ansible Tower to automatically update inventory using a dynamic inventory script before launching an Ansible Tower job from a playbook. See the Ansible Tower documentation for more information.

Important

It can take a long time to retrieve information from providers containing many virtual machines or instances. The Ansible Tower dynamic inventory script can be modified to limit updates to specific items and reduce refresh time.

To refresh an Ansible Tower provider’s inventory in ManageIQ:

  1. Browse to menu: Automation > Ansible Tower > Explorer and click the Providers accordion tab.

  2. Select the checkboxes for the Ansible Tower providers to refresh under All Ansible Tower Providers.

  3. Click Configuration, and then Refresh Relationships and Power States (Refresh Relationships and Power States).

  4. Click OK.

ManageIQ then queries the Ansible Tower API and obtains an inventory of all available hosts, job and workflow templates.

Viewing Ansible Tower Providers and Inventory

ManageIQ automatically updates its inventory from Ansible Tower. This includes system groups (known as Inventories in Ansible Tower), basic information about individual systems, and available Ansible Tower job or workflow templates to be executed from the service catalog or Automate.

Note:

To view and access Ansible Tower inventories and job or workflow templates in ManageIQ, you must first create them in Ansible Tower.

To view a list of Ansible Tower providers and inventory:

  1. Browse to menu: Automation > Ansible Tower > Explorer.

  2. select the Providers accordion menu to display a list of All Ansible Tower Providers.

  3. Select your Ansible Tower provider to expand and list the inventory groups on that Ansible Tower system. The inventory groups can be expanded to view the systems contained within each group, as well as configuration details for these systems.

Similarly, all discovered job and workflow templates are accessed under the provider by expanding the menu: Automation > Ansible Tower > Explorer and click the Templates accordion menu.

Viewing Ansible Tower Configured Systems

To view the systems in your Ansible Tower inventory:

  1. Browse to menu: Automation > Ansible Tower > Explorer and click Configured Systems.

  2. Under All Ansible Tower Configured Systems, select Ansible Tower Configured Systems to display a list.

Executing an Ansible Tower Job or Workflow Template from a Service Catalog

You can execute an Ansible Tower playbook from ManageIQ by creating a service catalog item from an Ansible Tower job or workflow template.

Important:

You must first create the job or workflow template in Ansible Tower. The job or workflow templates are automatically discovered by ManageIQ when refreshing your Ansible Tower provider’s inventory.

First, create a catalog:

  1. Browse to menu: Services > Catalogs and click Catalog Items.

  2. Click Configuration, then Add a New Catalog (Add a New Catalog)

  3. Enter a Name and Description for the catalog.

  4. Click Add.

Then, create an Ansible Tower service catalog item:

  1. Browse to menu: Automation > Ansible Tower > Explorer, then click the Templates according menu.

  2. Click Ansible Tower Templates and select an Ansible Tower job or workflow template.

  3. Click Configuration, then Create Service Dialog from Template (Create Service Dialog from this Template).

  4. Enter a Service Dialog Name (for example, ansible_tower_job)and click Save.

  5. Browse to menu: Services > Catalogs and click Catalog Items.

  6. Click Configuration, then Add a New Catalog Item (Add a New Catalog Item) to create a new catalog item with the following details, at minimum:

    • For Catalog Item type, select Ansible Tower.

    • Enter a Name for the service catalog item.

    • Select Display in Catalog.

    • In Catalog, select the catalog you created previously.

    • In Dialog, select the service dialog you created previously (in this example, ansible_tower_job). To ask the user to enter extra information when running the task, Service Dialog must be selected. A dialog is required if Display in Catalog is chosen.

    • In Provider, select your Ansible Tower provider. This brings up the Ansible Tower Template option and configures the Provisioning Entry Point State Machine automatically.

    • Add configuration information for Reconfigure Entry Point and Retirement Entry Point as applicable.

    • Select your desired Ansible Tower Template from the list. Generally, this is the Ansible Tower job or workflow template previously used to create the service dialog.

  7. Click Add. The catalog item you created will appear in the All Service Catalog Items list.

To execute the Ansible Tower job:

  1. Browse to menu: Service > Catalogs and click on Service Catalogs then click Ansible Tower catalog.

    order at catalog item

  2. Click Order for the catalog item.

  3. Enter any variables requested and click Submit.

ManageIQ takes you to the Requests queue page and show the status of the job.

The service item’s details can be viewed in menu: Services > My Services in ManageIQ.

Note:

Instead of running a single job at a time, multiple service catalog items can also be grouped together as a catalog bundle to create one deployment with multiple job templates. See Catalogs and Services in Provisioning Virtual Machines and Hosts for more information.

Executing an Ansible Tower Job Using a Custom Automate Button

ManageIQ can execute Ansible Tower jobs on virtual machines or instances using custom buttons in Automate.

Ansible Tower jobs can either be non-customizable, which do not require any extra configuration from the user, or alternatively, they can allow the user to specify a parameter (for example, a package name to install). In Ansible Tower jobs containing a dialog, ManageIQ accepts additional information from the user and adds it to the appropriate API call in Automate, and then sends it into Ansible Tower.

Prerequisites.

Before creating an Automate button to execute an Ansible Tower job, the following must be configured:

  • An Ansible playbook in Ansible Tower. See the Ansible Tower documentation for instructions.

  • Ansible Tower must be able to reach virtual machines or instances deployed by ManageIQ at the IP level.

  • The virtual machine template must have the Ansible Tower environment’s public SSH key injected. For cloud instances, cloud-init can be used and the public SSH key can be passed without rebuilding the image.

  • Any dynamic inventory scripts used must be configured to return the virtual machine names exactly as they are stored in ManageIQ, without the UUID appended.

Executing an Ansible Tower Job using a Custom Automate Button.

To configure a custom button to execute an Ansible Tower job on a virtual machine or instance, first create the button:

  1. Browse to menu: Automation > Automate > Customization.

  2. Click the Buttons accordion menu.

  3. Click menu: VM and Instance > Unassigned Buttons. This configures the button to run on virtual machines or instances.

  4. Click Configuration, then click 1862 (Add a new Button).

    • In the Adding a new Button screen, configure the Action parameters as desired. Dialog can be left blank if the playbook does not require extra variables. To ask the user to enter extra information when running the task, Service Dialog must be selected.

    • Configure Object Details fields with the following request details:

      • For System/Process, select Request.

      • For Message, enter create.

      • For Request, enter Ansible_Tower_Job.

    • Configure Attribute/Value Pairs with the following parameters:

      • job_template_name is the Ansible Tower job template name to associate with the button. The job_template_name field is mandatory; other parameters are provided by the Tower job dialog.
    • Configure Visibility to all users, or limit visibility by role as desired.

      add button

    • Click Add.

If you do not have an existing button group to assign the new button to, create a new button group:

  1. From menu: Automation > Automate > Customization, browse to menu: Buttons and click VM and Instance > Add a new Button Group, and configure the following:

    • Configure Basic Info as desired. For example, name the button group VM Actions.

    • In Assign Buttons, select the button you just created from the Unassigned list and click 1876 to assign it to Selected.

      create button group

    • Click Add.

To assign the button to an existing button group:

  1. Browse to menu: Buttons > VM and Instance > VM Actions > Edit this Button Group.

  2. In Assign Buttons, select the button you just created from the Unassigned list and click 1876 to assign it to Selected.

  3. Click Add.

To use the button to run an Ansible Tower job on a virtual machine:

  1. Browse to menu: Compute > Infrastructure > Virtual Machines.

  2. Select the virtual machine to run the Ansible Tower job template on.

  3. Click the VM Actions button to show the button you created, and click the button from the list to run the Ansible Tower job template.

    run update button

  4. Click Submit to execute the job.

ManageIQ then confirms the job has been executed.

If you selected a service dialog to run when creating the button, ManageIQ will then prompt you to enter variables to complete the task. After entering your desired parameters, ManageIQ takes you to the Requests page.

The service item’s details can be viewed in menu: Services > My Services in ManageIQ.

Cloud Providers

In ManageIQ, a cloud provider is a cloud computing environment that you can add to a ManageIQ appliance to manage and interact with the resources in that environment. This chapter describes the different types of cloud providers that you can add to ManageIQ, and how to manage them. Most cloud providers are added individually to ManageIQ. Additionally, Amazon EC2 and Azure cloud providers can be discovered automatically by ManageIQ.

The web interface uses virtual thumbnails to represent cloud providers. Each thumbnail contains four quadrants by default, which display basic information about each provider:

cloudthumbnail

  1. Number of instances

  2. Management system software

  3. Number of images

  4. Authentication status

Icon Description
2190 Validated: Valid authentication credentials have been added.
2191 Invalid: Authentication credentials are invalid.
2192 Unknown: Authentication status is unknown or no credentials have been entered.

Provider authentication status

Refreshing Cloud Providers

Refresh a cloud provider to find other resources related to it. Ensure the chosen cloud providers have the correct credentials before refreshing.

  1. Browse to menu: Compute > Clouds > Providers.

  2. Select the checkboxes for the cloud providers to refresh.

  3. Click Configuration, and then Refresh Relationships and Power States (Refresh Relationships and Power States).

  4. Click OK.

Tagging Cloud Providers

Apply tags to all cloud providers to categorize them together at the same time.

  1. Navigate to menu:Compute[Clouds > Providers].

  2. Select the checkboxes for the Cloud Providers to tag.

  3. Click Policy (Policy), and then Edit
Tags (Edit Tags).

  4. Select a customer tag to assign from the first list.

    2219

  5. Select a value to assign from the second list.

  6. Click Save.

Removing Cloud Providers

A cloud provider might require removal from the VMDB if it is no longer in use.

  1. Browse to menu: Compute > Clouds > Providers.

  2. Check the cloud providers to remove.

  3. Click Configuration, and then Remove Cloud Providers from the VMDB (Remove Cloud Providers from the VMDB).

  4. Click OK.

Editing a Cloud Provider

Edit information about a provider such as the name, IP address, and login credentials.

Note:

The Type value is unchangeable.

To use a different cloud provider, create a new one.

  1. Browse to menu: Compute > Clouds > Providers.

  2. Click the cloud provider to edit.

  3. Click Configuration, and then Edit Selected Cloud Provider (Edit Selected Cloud Provider).

  4. Edit the Basic Information. This varies depending on the Type of provider.

  5. Fill out the Credentials by typing in a Username, Password, and a verification of this password (Confirm Password).

    • If selecting Amazon EC2, generate an Access Key in the Security Credentials of your Amazon AWS account. The Access Key ID acts as your User ID, and your Secret Access Key acts as your Password.

    • If selecting OpenStack, use the Keystone User ID and Password for your login credentials.

  6. If editing an OpenStack provider, use the AMQP subtab to provide credentials required for the Advanced Message Queuing Protocol service on your OpenStack Nova component.

  7. Click Validate and wait for notification of successful validation.

  8. Click Save.

Viewing a Cloud Provider’s Timeline

View the timeline of events for instances registered to a cloud provider.

  1. Navigate to menu:Compute[Clouds > Providers].

  2. Click the desired cloud provider for viewing the timeline.

  3. Click Monitoring (Monitoring), and then Timelines (Timelines).

  4. From Options, customize the period of time to display and the types of events to see.

    • Use Show to select regular Management Events or Policy Events.

    • Use the Type list to select hourly or daily data points.

    • Use Date to type the date for the timeline to display.

    • If you select to view a daily timeline, use Show to set how many days back to go. The maximum history is 31 days.

    • The three Event Groups list allow you to select different groups of events to display. Each has its own color.

    • From the Level list, select a Summary event, or a Detail list of events.

Physical Infrastructure Providers

In ManageIQ, a physical infrastructure provider is a management console used to manage physical inventory such as physical servers, chassis, racks, and physical networking/storage devices.

ManageIQ supports the following types of physical infrastructure providers:

  • Lenovo XClarity

  • Redfish

Image Import Workflows

IBM PowerVC to IBM Power Systems Virtual Server

The image import functionality allows you to easily move an image from your on-prem PowerVC environment to an off-prem Power Systems Virtual Server environment using ManageIQ web interface. The enablement of the workflow in ManageIQ requires you to perform certain preparations that are described in detail below.

Preparing ManageIQ hosting server (required once):

The following commands are to be run on a server (or in a corresponding docker container) that is dedicated to hosting your ManageIQ instance.

  1. Install ansible-runner application using the installation instructions. The application must be available in the the command line of the user under which the ManageIQ web-server is running.

Preparing IBM PowerVC Server (required once):

The following commands are to be run on a PowerVC server that is dedicated to supporting the image import workflow.

  1. Make sure that the IBM PowerVC version you are using is 1.4.4 or higher and is located on a server running either SLES or RHEL family GNU/Linux distribution.

  2. Install python3.X, pip3, virtualenv applications as well as the libselinux-python3 library. You can achieve this by issuing the following command as a “root” user:

    yum install -y python3 python-pip3 python-virtualenv libselinux-python3 gcc
    

    The standard python3.X installation will be used in order to run auxiliary scripts, which will upload PowerVC (OVA) disk images to the IBM Cloud Object Storage. The pip3 is required in order to install Cloud Object Storage Python SDK and auxiliary packages for proper functioning of the import workflow. The role of virtualenv will be to isolate python package installations that are relevant only to the image import workflow from the Python system packages. The libselinux-python3 library is needed for the proper functioning of Ansible’s copy module, which will be used for the copying of auxiliary data between the ManageIQ hosting site and the PowerVC server. Presence of gcc is needed as a dependency of one of the Python packages (pycryptodome) that will be installed on later steps.

  3. Prepare enough local storage for holding transient PowerVC disk images that will be transported into Power Systems Virtual Server and deleted from a local storage upon workflow completion. A typical PowerVC image file size can be many GBs. As an example, a RHEL 8.3 disk image can be of 20GB size or more. You would therefore require more space in your local storage than the mentioned disk image size in order to support the import workflow. You would also need enough space to hold Python virtual environment described in the next steps. Its size however will be no more than 100MB. Additionally, import session will place auxiliary files into the sessions directory during the workflow execution but their collective size will not exceed 5MB. In summary, if you’re attempting to import an image whose size is ‘G’ Gigabytes, then having ‘G+1’ Gigabytes of free space in that directory would be sufficient.

  4. Create an empty sessions directory /home/sessions which will have to be located on the local storage with sufficient space as described in previous step.

    mkdir /home/sessions
    
  5. The image import workflow will use Ansible via SSH from the ManageIQ server in order to execute commands on the PowerVC server. At this point you need to choose a system user that will be made available to ManageIQ instance for connection to the PowerVC server via SSH. Make sure the user has a read/write access to the /home/sessions directory. The user must also be able to execute powervc-image application through the command line. We will assume that all further commands in this section are executed using this existing or newly created system user:

    su - your_user
    
  6. Create a separate virtual Python environment:

    virtualenv --system-site-packages /home/sessions/venv
    

    This environment will hold Python packages that are relevant only to the image import workflow and as such will not be available system-wide. Conversely, the --system-site-packages will indicate to the application that the existing Python system packages are to be made available to the virtual environment.

  7. Installing packages in the environment requires one to first activate the environment after which all the Python package installations via pip3 will become environment relative only. Therefore, activate the newly created Python environment:

    source /home/sessions/venv/bin/activate
    
  8. Install Python packages inside the virtual environment using:

    pip3 install pathlib pycryptodome ibm-cos-sdk
    

    The pathlib is used for handling file paths. The pycryptodome is required for encrypting/decrypting IBM Cloud connection credentials and the ibm-cos-sdk represents the IBM Cloud Object Storage Python SDK.

  9. Upon completing the Python package installations above you should exit the virtual environment by running:

    deactivate
    
  10. Make sure to have a valid PowerVC connection/resource file under /opt/ibm/powervc/powervcrc (or at your custom location) containing similar definitions:

    export OS_IDENTITY_API_VERSION=3
    export OS_AUTH_URL=https://host:5000/v3/
    export OS_CACERT=/etc/pki/tls/certs/powervc.crt
    export OS_REGION_NAME=RegionOne
    export OS_PROJECT_DOMAIN_NAME=Default
    export OS_PROJECT_NAME=ibm-default
    export OS_TENANT_NAME=$OS_PROJECT_NAME
    export OS_USER_DOMAIN_NAME=Default
    export OS_USERNAME=root
    export OS_PASSWORD=password
    export OS_COMPUTE_API_VERSION=2.46
    export OS_NETWORK_API_VERSION=2.0
    export OS_IMAGE_API_VERSION=2
    export OS_VOLUME_API_VERSION=2
    

    Note: If you don’t want to specify the password (OS_PASSWORD) in this file then you will be prompted by the PowerVC command line utilities to input it in the interactive mode. This will occur during testing only as the image import workflow will make use of the credentials that will be specified when registering PowerVC provider in your ManageIQ instance on later steps.

  11. The last step is to test the exporting of PowerVC disk image to the local filesystem. Firstly, execute:

    source /opt/ibm/powervc/powervcrc
    

    This will acquire all the environmental variables required for issuing commands to the corresponding PowerVC instance. Now run the following command:

    powervc-image list
    

    The output should be similar to the one below:

    +----------+--------------------------------------+--------+---------+------+-------------+--------------+-----------+------------+
    | Name     | ID                                   | Status | Volumes | Size | Description | Architecture | OS Distro | Exportable |
    +----------+--------------------------------------+--------+---------+------+-------------+--------------+-----------+------------+
    | test-IMG | XXXXXXXX-XXXX-XXXX-XXXX-XXXXXXXXXXXX | active | 1       | 10   |             | ppc64        | rhel      | True       |
    +----------+--------------------------------------+--------+---------+------+-------------+--------------+-----------+------------+
    

    Note the name of the image you would like to export, which will be test-IMG in our example. Next export the image of your choice:

    powervc-image export -i test-IMG -p /home/sessions/image.ova
    

    It is a time-consuming operation with the runtime taking several minutes to complete depending on the size of exported image. Once the operation completes you should be able to find the exported image under /home/sessions/image.ova. At this stage you can remove the exported image thus concluding the test:

    rm /home/sessions/image.ova
    

Add a Cloud Object Storage provider in ManageIQ:

  1. See the corresponding instructions here.

  2. Create a bucket in your Cloud Object Storage that will hold the transient OVA image files.
    New Bucket
    Make sure to choose the region for the bucket that corresponds to the region that you have specified when registering the Cloud Object Storage provider.

Add an IBM Power Systems Virual Servers provider in ManageIQ:

  1. See the corresponding instructions here.

Add an IBM PowerVC provider in ManageIQ:

  1. See the corresponding instructions here.

  2. Specify the image import related parameters on the PowerVC registration form.
    pvc_reg

  • Enter the SSH username for access to the PowerVC server. It corresponds to the user on your PowerVC server that is dedicated to running image import related commands via Ansible as described in previous section.

  • Select the authentication method: Password / Private key

  • If password method is chosen then enter the corresponding SSH password.
    pvc_reg

  • If private key method is chosen then enter the private key and the private key passphrase (if present).
    pvc_reg

  • (optional) Specify custom location of the resource file on the PowerVC server:
    pvc_reg

Start the workflow

The workflow operates by exporting the image as an OVA file onto a PowerVC local storage, uploading it to the Cloud Object Storage bucket and then transferring it into Power Systems Virtual Servers image registry. In order to initiate the workflow:

  1. Queue the refreshing of all the above mentioned (cloud and storage) providers and wait for the operations to complete. Import Image Button Screenshot

  2. Navigate to the Power Virtual Servers provider added above. Import Image Button Screenshot

  3. Click on the Import Image button after which an import form will appear.

  4. Choose the PowerVC provider added above as a source provider.

  5. Choose the image you would like to import.

  6. Choose the Cloud Object Storage provider added above.

  7. Choose the transient bucket created above.

  8. Choose target disk type for the image being imported.

  9. Check the corresponding box if you wish to keep the OVA file in the cloud bucket upon workflow completion.

  10. Click on the Import button initiating the workflow.
    Import Image Button Screenshot

  11. The workflow can take an hour or more depending on the image size, bucket location, Power Systems Virtual Server and PowerVC internal load.

  12. Watch for the current status of the workflow under Settings -> Tasks -> All Tasks.
    Workflow Form Screenshot

  13. Initiate the refreshing of the Power Virtual Servers provider upon workflow completion and wait for the newly imported image to appear.

Troubleshooting

  • If the ManageIQ UI shows no detailed error description then make sure to check the latest logs in <ManageIQ>/log/evm.log on a server that hosts your ManageIQ instance.

  • If ManageIQ server is terminated during the workflow execution then certain residual objects will have to be removed manually. These are potentially the session directory on the PowerVC server under /home/sessions, the already uploaded OVA image file in the Cloud Object Storage bucket or its parts as explained here (see Abort incomplete multipart uploads).

Network Managers

In ManageIQ, a network manager is an inventory of networking entities on existing cloud and infrastructure providers managed by your ManageIQ appliance.

This provider type exposes software-defined networking (SDN) providers including OpenStack Network (Neutron), Azure Network, and Amazon EC2 Network, which enables software-defined networking inventory collection. The OpenStack Network provider collects inventory of floating IPs from OpenStack so that IPs can be allocated without querying OpenStack database every time. Also, it refreshes all Neutron data from both OpenStack and OpenStack Infrastructure, and extracts the Neutron logic to a shared place. Note that management via the network providers configuration is currently disabled.

This chapter describes the different types of network managers available to ManageIQ, and how to manage them. Network managers are discovered automatically by ManageIQ from other connected providers.

Adding or Viewing Network Providers

Note:

All supported network providers — OpenStack Network, Azure Network, and Amazon EC2 Network, are added or removed automatically upon adding or removing the respective cloud provider.

Viewing network providers:

  1. Browse to menu: Networks > Providers to see a list of all network providers, along with information such as Name, Type, EVM Zone, Number of Instances, Subnets, and Region.

  2. Click on a provider from the list to view its summary screen.

Network providers summary:

The summary screen includes tables containing information on Properties, Status, Relationships, Overview, and Smart Management. Click on rows in the Relationship and Overview tables to see detailed information for individual entities.

Accordion tabs in the sidebar provide access to Properties and Relationships details.

Click on Reload, Configuration, Policy, and Monitoring actions in the taskbar to manage the selected provider.

Note:

Alternatively, click on a cloud provider to see the cloud provider details and its relationships such as Network Manager, Tenants, Instances among others. In Relationships, click Network Manager to see information about the network provider, and its relationship with the cloud provider, on the summary page.

Refreshing Network Providers

Refresh a network provider to find other resources related to it. Ensure the selected network providers have the correct credentials before refreshing.

  1. Browse to menu: Networks > Providers.

  2. Select the network providers to refresh.

  3. Click Configuration, and then Refresh Relationships and Power States (Refresh Relationships and Power States).

  4. Click OK.

Tagging Network Providers

Apply tags to network providers to categorize them together at the same time.

  1. Navigate to menu:Networks[Providers].

  2. Select the network providers to tag.

  3. Click Policy (Policy), and then Edit
Tags (Edit Tags).

  4. Select a customer tag to assign from the first list.

  5. Select a value to assign from the second list.

  6. Click Save.

Removing Network Providers

Although network providers are added or removed automatically upon adding or removing the respective cloud provider, you can manually remove a network provider if it is no longer in use. This will remove the network provider from the VMDB and any relationship with the cloud provider.

  1. Browse to menu: Networks > Providers.

  2. Click the network provider to remove.

  3. Click Configuration, and then Remove this Network Provider from the VMDB (Remove this Network Provider from the VMDB).

  4. Click OK.

Viewing a Network Provider’s Timeline

View the timeline of events for instances registered to a network provider.

  1. Navigate to menu:Networks[Providers].

  2. Click the network provider you want to monitor the timeline for.

  3. Click Monitoring (Monitoring), and then Timelines (Timelines).

  4. From Options, select the event type and interval, and customize the period of time to display and the types of events to see.

    • Select Management Events or Policy Events from the Show list.

    • Select an Interval between Hourly and Daily.

    • Select Date.

    • If you selected Daily for Interval, set the number of days in the past to see the event timeline for. The maximum is 31 days back.

    • Select Summary or Detail for Level.

    • Select the required Event Groups from the lists you want to monitor the timeline for.

You can also assign policy profiles to network providers, or remove them. The method for doing so is similar to that of any normal policy profile.

Using the Topology Widget for Network Providers

The Topology widget is an interactive topology graph, showing the status and relationships between the different entities of the network providers that ManageIQ has access to.

The topology graph includes cloud subnets, virtual machines, security groups, floating IP addresses, cloud networks, network routers, cloud tenants, and tags within the overall network provider environment.

Each entity in the graph displays a color indication of its status: green indicates an active entity, while red indicates inactivity or an issue.

network topology

  1. Browse to menu: Networks > Topology.

  2. Click the desired network provider for viewing the provider summary.

Alternatively, you can open the topology widget from the provider summary page by clicking Topology under Overview.

  • Hovering over any individual graph element will display a summary of details for the individual element.

  • Double-click an entity in the graph to browse to its summary page.

  • Drag elements to reposition the graph.

  • Click the symbols in the legend at the top of the graph to show or hide entities.

  • Click the Display Names checkbox to show or hide entity names.

  • Click Refresh to refresh the display of the network provider entities.

  • Enter a search term in the Search box to locate an entity by full or partial name.

Containers Providers

A containers provider is a service that manages container resources, that can be added to the ManageIQ appliance.

ManageIQ can connect to OpenShift Container Platform containers providers and manage them similarly to infrastructure and cloud providers. This allows you to gain control over different aspects of your containers environment and answer questions such as:

  • How many containers exist in my environment?

  • Does a specific node have enough resources?

  • How many distinct images are used?

  • Which image registries are used?

When ManageIQ connects to a container’s environment, it collects information on different areas of the environment:

  • Entities such as pods, nodes, or services.

  • Basic relationships between the entities, for example: Which services are serving which pods?

  • Advanced insight into relationships, for example: Which two different containers are using the same image?

  • Additional information, such as events, projects, routes, and metrics.

You can manage policies for containers entities by adding tags. All containers entities except volumes can be tagged.

Note:

This chapter provides details on managing containers providers. For details on working with the resources within a container environment, see Container Entities in Managing Infrastructure and Inventory.

The ManageIQ user interface uses virtual thumbnails to represent containers providers. Each thumbnail contains four quadrants by default, which display basic information about each provider:

cp quad icon

  1. Number of nodes

  2. Container provider software

  3. Power state

  4. Authentication status

Icon Description
2190 Validated: Valid authentication credentials have been added.
2191 Invalid: Authentication credentials are invalid.
2192 Unknown: Authentication status is unknown or no credentials have been entered.

Containers provider authentication status

Tagging Containers Providers

Apply tags to all containers providers to categorize them together at the same time.

  1. Navigate to menu:Compute[Containers > Providers].

  2. Select the checkboxes for the containers providers to tag.

  3. Click Policy (Policy), and then Edit
Tags(Edit Tags).

  4. Select a tag to assign from the drop-down menu.

    2219

  5. Select a value to assign.

  6. Click Save.

Removing Containers Providers

You may want to remove a containers provider from the VMDB if the provider is no longer in use.

  1. Browse to menu: Compute > Containers > Providers.

  2. Select the checkboxes for the containers providers to remove.

  3. Click Configuration, and then Remove Containers Providers from the VMDB (Remove Containers Providers from Inventory).

  4. Click OK.

Editing a Containers Provider

Edit information about a provider such as the name, hostname, IP address or port, and credentials as required. If you have just upgraded your ManageIQ environment from an older version, edit the provider to specify the authentication method the provider uses to connect to ManageIQ.

  1. Browse to menu: Compute > Containers > Providers.

  2. Click the containers provider to edit.

  3. Click Configuration, and then Edit Selected Containers Provider (Edit Selected Containers Provider).

  4. Edit the Name if required.

    Note:

    The Type value is unchangeable.

  5. Under Endpoints in the Default tab, edit the following as required:

    1. Select a Security Protocol method to specify how to authenticate the provider:

      • SSL: Authenticate the provider securely using a trusted Certificate Authority. Select this option if the provider has a valid SSL certificate and it is signed by a trusted Certificate Authority. No further configuration is required for this option.

      • SSL trusting custom CA: Authenticate the provider with a self-signed certificate. For this option, copy your provider’s CA certificate to the Trusted CA Certificates box in PEM format.

        Note:

        You can obtain your OpenShift Container Platform provider’s CA certificate for all endpoints (default, metrics, alerts) from /etc/origin/master/ca.crt. Paste the output (a block of text starting with -----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----) into the Trusted CA Certificates field.

      • SSL without validation: Authenticate the provider insecurely (not recommended).

    2. Enter the Hostname (or IPv4 or IPv6 address) of the provider.

      Important:

      The Hostname must use a unique fully qualified domain name.

    3. Enter the API Port of the provider. The default port is 8443.

    4. Enter a token for your provider in the Token box.

      Note:

      To obtain a token for your provider, run the oc get secret command on your provider; see Obtaining an OpenShift Container Platform Management Token.

      For example:

      # oc get secret –namespace management-infra management-admin-token-8ixxs –template=’’ | base64 –decode

    5. Click Validate to confirm that ManageIQ can connect to the OpenShift Container Platform provider.

  6. Under Endpoints in the Metrics tab, configure the following for gathering capacity and utilization metrics for Hawkular or Prometheus based on the selection:

    1. Select a Security Protocol method to specify how to authenticate the provider:

      • SSL: Authenticate the provider securely using a trusted Certificate Authority. Select this option if the provider has a valid SSL certificate and it is signed by a trusted Certificate Authority. No further configuration is required for this option.

      • SSL trusting custom CA: Authenticate the provider with a self-signed certificate. For this option, copy your provider’s CA certificate to the Trusted CA Certificates box in PEM format.

      • SSL without validation: Authenticate the provider insecurely using SSL. (Not recommended)

    2. Enter the Hostname (or IPv4 or IPv6 address) of the provider.

    3. Enter the API Port if your provider uses a non-standard port for access. The default port is 443.

    4. Click Validate to confirm that ManageIQ can connect to the endpoint.

  7. Under Endpoints in the Alerts tab, configure the following for Prometheus alerting from the cluster.

    • SSL: Authenticate the provider securely using a trusted Certificate Authority. Select this option if the provider has a valid SSL certificate and it is signed by a trusted Certificate Authority. No further configuration is required for this option.

    • SSL trusting custom CA: Authenticate the provider with a self-signed certificate. For this option, copy your provider’s CA certificate to the Trusted CA Certificates box in PEM format.

    • SSL without validation: Authenticate the provider insecurely using SSL. (Not recommended)

      1. Enter the Hostname (or IPv4 or IPv6 address) of the provider.

      2. Enter the API Port if your provider uses a non-standard port for access. The default port is 443.

      3. Click Validate to confirm that ManageIQ can connect to the endpoint.

  8. Click Save.

Hiding Environment Variables for Containers Providers

You can restrict users from viewing container provider environment variables by configuring user roles.

This is useful as the environment variables panel can expose sensitive information, such as passwords, that you may not want certain users to view.

Note:

The default user roles in ManageIQ are read-only. To customize a role’s settings, create a new role or a copy of an existing role.

You can view role information and the product features the role can access (marked by a checkmark) by clicking on any role in Access Control. Expand the categories under Product Features to see further detail.

To configure user access to container environment variables:

  1. Click config gear (Configuration).

  2. Click the Access Control accordion, then click Roles.

  3. Select a existing custom role from the Access Control Roles list, and click 1847 (Configuration), then 1851 (Edit the selected Role).

    Alternatively, to create a new custom role, select a role from the Access Control Roles list, and click 1847 (Configuration), then 1851 (Copy this Role to a new Role).

  4. Edit the name for the role if desired.

  5. For Access Restriction for Services, VMs, and Templates, select if you want to limit users with this role to only see resources owned by the user or their group, owned by the user, or all resources (None).

  6. Expand the Product Features (Editing) tree options to show menu:Everything[Compute > Containers > Containers Explorer > All Containers > View Containers].

  7. Clear the Environment Variables checkbox to restrict the user role from viewing container environment variables.

    restrict env vars

  8. Click Save.

For more information about user roles, see Roles in General Configuration.

Viewing a Containers Provider’s Timeline

View the timeline of events for instances registered to a containers provider.

  1. Navigate to menu:Compute[Containers > Providers].

  2. Click the desired containers provider for viewing the timeline.

  3. Click Monitoring (Monitoring), and then Timelines (Timelines).

  4. From Options, customize the period of time to display and the types of events to see.

    • Use Show to select regular Management Events or Policy Events.

    • Use the Interval dropdown to select hourly or daily data points.

    • Use Date to type the date for the timeline to display.

    • If you select to view a daily timeline, use Show to set how many days back to go. The maximum history is 31 days.

    • From the Level dropdown, select a Summary event, or a Detail list of events.

    • The three Event Groups dropdowns allow you to select different groups of events to display. Each has its own color.

Click on an item for more detailed information.

Storage Managers

In ManageIQ, a storage manager is a service providing storage resources that you can manage from a ManageIQ appliance. This chapter describes the different types of storage managers used by ManageIQ, and how they are added to ManageIQ.

There are three types of storage managers currently available to ManageIQ:

Appendix

Using a Self-Signed CA Certificate

Adding a self-signed Certificate Authority (CA) certificate for SSL authentication requires more configuration on OpenStack Platform and Microsoft System Center Virtual Machine Manager (SCVMM) providers.

Note: This procedure is not required for OpenShift Container Platform, or Red Hat Virtualization, which have the option to select SSL trusting custom CA as a Security Protocol in the user interface. These steps are needed only for providers without this option in the user interface.

Before adding the provider, configure the following:

  1. Copy your provider’s CA certificate in PEM format to /etc/pki/ca-trust/source/anchors/ on your ManageIQ appliance.

  2. Update the trust settings on the appliance:

     # update-ca-trust
    
  3. Restart the EVM processes on the server:

     # rake evm:restart
    

The CA certificate is added to the appliance, and you can add the provider to ManageIQ.